Istanbul is one of the fastest growing cities in the world with a %3.3 rate of population growth in the year 2012.*
The break down of the 5343 km2 total area of land of which %17 is good for agriculture; %47 is forested and %36 is open for housing. The coastline of Istanbul is around 492km of which Bosporus is 30km; Golden-horn is 8km long and the rest almost equally distributed with the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea.
Istanbul, the City of Seven (+10) Hills, due to its vast size, diverse topography, and maritime location, exhibits microclimates. Northern parts of the city express characteristics of an oceanic climate because of humidity from the Black Sea and the relatively high concentration of vegetation. The climate in the populated areas of the city in the south area warmer and less affected by humidity.
With a population of 13.8 million, there is a danger that Istanbul might become more and more dependent to its hinterland for massive imports of food, energy and other resources. Whereas ‘Bostan’ (vegetable garden) a typology that existed in the valleys along Bosporus connected the urbanite with the centers of fresh food production for decades, is now going extinct.
Interpreting the potentials of Istanbul to reveal the productive capacity of the urban environment is the challenge for self-adequacy and the solutions are latent in its own dynamics and the urbanite needs to be aware of the productive potentials of the city in its separate districts.
The variety of features that differentiate districts of the city ignite us to investigate the city as a network. The site therefore is not one specific area but a network of sites. Istanbul Technical University has five campus areas in different districts and corresponds to a multitude of opportunities in self-sufficiency in the city. All have issues concerning borders, energy efficiency, landscaping and maintenance which is proposed to be solved by networking the campuses and turning the waste of one process to the resource of the other’s.
*OECD territorial reviews 2012